A crown is a type of dental restoration used to fix teeth that have been broken, weakened by decay or have a very large filling. The crown fits over the remaining part of a prepared tooth, making it strong and giving it the shape of a natural tooth. It will also be tooth coloured, giving the restoration a more natural appearance so it fits in with the rest of your teeth.
A crown could be a good solution for you if you have some discoloured fillings and would like to improve their appearance. Crowns can be used to replace these to give you a more aesthetic smile. Also, if you have had root canal treatment you will need a crown to protect or cap the restored tooth, allowing you to eat and bite down on it as if it was a real tooth. Crowns are also used to anchor a bridge or denture firmly in place in the mouth.
If you require a more extensive restoration than a crown or have more than one tooth that needs to be repaired, a good solution is a bridge. Bridges are usually made of a precious metal base which gives them a solid structure and makes them hard-wearing. If you need a bridge in your smile line, porcelain is usually added to the base to make it look more like real teeth. A bridge helps to strengthen the prepared teeth and makes chewing and eating easier because they are fixed and can’t come out.
Some bridges can also be fixed to your jaw with dental implants, if you have several teeth next to each other that are missing.
Once you have a bridge fitted, you will have to take extra care of your daily hygiene regime to ensure it stays plaque free and that you can prevent bad breath.
Implants are used to replace missing teeth. A component of an implant is placed into the bone with a surgery; therefore the patient perceives and uses the implant as his own tooth.
Although implants have lots of advantages, they are not suitable for every patient. Patient should have healthy gums and no severe systemic diseases. Also, adequate volume of bone is needed to place the implant. Some chronic diseases such as diabetes, osteoporosis, and chronic sinusitis affect healing, and cause the failure of the implant.
If you plan on getting implants, you are going to have a surgical operation and the treatment is going to take a few months. Also it should be noted that implant therapy is expensive compared to other alternatives.
Your doctor will inform you about treatment process and in certain conditions, he might direct you to a specialist.
During the operation, doctor exposes the bone in the edentulous area and drills a hole in which the implant is going to be placed. This procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia but sedation or general anesthesia can be used if the patient can be hospitalized. Then the tissue is sutured and a few months of healing period is required for the bone to form over the implant to obtain stabilization.